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Effect of gelatinisation on slowly digestible starch and resistant starch of heat-moisture treated and chemically modified canna starches

Abstract
The effects of gelatinisation on slowly digestible (SDS) and resistant starch (RS) of native and modified canna starches were investigated. Starch slurries (10% w/w) were gelatinised at 100 °C for 5, 10, 20 and 40 min using a rapid visco analyzer (RVA). Significant change in the degree of gelatinisation (DG) values of all starch samples was observed during the initial 10 min of gelatinisation; after that the DG values increased gradually with gelatinisation time. The RS contents in all gelatinised starches decreased with increasing gelatinisation time, while the SDS values fluctuated. Chemical modification affected DG values as well as RS/SDS contents. The RS contents in 10% (w/w) acetylated, hydroxypropylated, octenyl succinylated and cross-linked canna starches gelatinised at 100 °C for 40 min were 26.6%, 32.0%, 45.3% and 19.8%, respectively, which were higher than that of the native starch (12.4%). Canna starch modified by crosslinking had the highest SDS content when gelatinised for 20–40 min. Modification of canna starch by heat-moisture treatment resulted in a lower content of RS for all treated samples. However, the Vt-HMT25 (canna starch containing moisture content of 25% during heat treatment) when gelatinised for 5–20 min contained a higher amount of SDS, compared to unmodified starch. The most effective modification method for RS and SDS formation was octenyl succinylation, where the sum of RS and SDS approached that of Novelose260.

Keywords
Canna starch; Gelatinisation; Heat-moisture treatment; Modified starch; Octenyl succinylation; Resistant starch; Slowly digestible starch

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