Molecular structures of starches isolated from Japanese-green, Thai-green and Thai-purple cultivars of edible canna (Canna edulis Ker) were investigated. The absolute amylose content ranged from 19 to 25%. Degrees of polymerization (DPn) values of amylose determined by fluorescence-labeling method were 1590 for Thai-purple, 1620 for Japanese-green and 1650 for Thai-green cultivars. Mole% of branched fraction of amyloses from edible canna starches examined by a HPLC system after β-amylolysis of labeled amyloses was 13–16%. Branch chain-length distributions of amylopectin analyzed by HPSEC after debranching with isoamylase, followed by fluorescence-labeling of unit chain, showed bimodal distribution with the DPn range of 25–28. The amylopectin of edible canna starches contained high amounts of organic phosphorus (391–420 ppm). The distribution profile of phosphorylated chains, separated from non-phosphorylated chains by DEAE-Sephadex A-50 chromatography, indicated that the phosphate groups were located mostly in long B-chains of amylopectin molecules.
Edible canna; Cultivar; Amylose; Amylopectin